Yoruba Perception of Colour



There is no broad distinction of colours in Yoruba like in some other Nigerian ethnic groups like the Urhobo.

Bright colours such as yellow or pink are called pupa, and there are no provisions for differentiating between these colours in the Yoruba language.

Although the Yoruba language has provisions for colour only when referring to articles like fabrics that can only be described with their colours.

Here, blue Aso-Oke is called Ayinrin; the red fabric is Pupa; the black, Dudu; and yellow, Topola.

Yoruba People of Nigeria



The Yoruba-speaking people of Nigeria are one of the people of the forest belt found in Osun, Ekiti, Lagos, Ogun, Oyo, Ondo and Kwara states of present day Nigeria. They all share common traditions, the same language an ancestor named Oduduwa.

The Yoruba are reputed for living in large urban centers like Ibadan, Oshogbo, Ilorin, Ogbomosho, Abeokuta and Ilesha. Each of these towns has been strong political centers whose histories extend to the distant past. Four prominent monarchial states in the history of Yoruba were Ife, Oyo, Ijebu and Egba. The Oni of Ife had been the spiritual head of Yorubaland, while the political leader of the Yoruba people was the Alafin of Oyo.

Women’s Riot of 1929/30



The women Riot, or the Aba Women Riot of 1929, was a large-scale protest of women of south-eastern Nigeria against a planned imposition of tax on women by British colonial government.

The riot was the high point of protest against new tax regime and political reforms instituted by Sir Hugh Clifford and implemented by Governor Sir Graeme Thompson.

Waste Disposal in Nigeria



Waste Disposal in Nigeria has failed every known theory or technique developed for its smooth operation.
The ugly impact of its ineffectiveness is evident in large cities such as Warri and Lagos where refuse dumps are visible even to travelers that are just passing by.

Stench of rotten rubbish emanates from pile of refuse in every visible pit and hole in Nigerian towns and villages. This is complicated by smell of burning rubber and plastics from small refuse dumps in private backyards to major dump sites administered by local or state governments.

Warrant Chiefs



Warrant Chiefs, or warranted chiefs, were people issued warrant certificates by the British to administer their own local communities after the British invasion South-Eastern Nigeria from 1891 to 1912.

The British considered the Igbo towns and villages as “Chiefless Societies” compared to what they found in other parts of Nigeria. The Edo (Bini) had a centralized ruler (the Oba of Benin), Yoruba-lands had so many traditional rulers and the north also had powerful rulers. But the Igbo, on the other hand, had an array of small villages, each having a population of a few hundred.

Uzama Nihiron


The Uzama were the seven highest ranking officials in Benin Kingdom. They were the Edaiken, Oliha, Edohen, Ezomo, Ero, Eholor and Oloton. They were initially six in number until Edaiken (Heir to the throne of the Bini kingdom) was added by Oba Ewuare.

Urhokpota Hall



Urhokpota Hall was named after famous Ishan herbalist and diviner, Okpota the eloquent. The hall was built exactly where Okpota’s house stood during the days of Oba Ozolua.

Okpota used his knowledge of the supernatural and other skills to serve Oba Ozolua such that the name of Ozolua remains visible whenever the Oba receives people at the Ozolua Hall.

Urhobo Perception of Colour



There are only three colours in the Urhobo language: white, black and red. Black is rather described as dark because it encompasses brown, navy blue and dark green. Each of the colours are differentiated from the other by virtue of the magnitude of supportive description used by an Urhobo speaker. Dark, Obiebi, is used to describe unripe fruits even though the colour of fruits like unripe pineapple fruits do not fall within the ambit of the above colours.

Urhobo People



The Urhobo people are Niger Delta people found in towns such as Abraka, Ughelli, Orereokpe, Okpara, Kokori, Agbara, Ovun, Ekun, Isiokoro, e.t.c.

They are united by a common language and similar traditions, but trace their origins to different ethnic groups. The people of Ughelli and Agbara believe they originated from Ijaw, while Abraka and Olomu claimed they were founded by immigrants from Benin.

Trading Organizations in Old Benin Empire



The sophistication of the Benin Empire in pre-colonial times did not terminate with mare expansion of the empire and the imposition of the indirect rule system, but a deliberate trade policy to include materials produced in such conquered territories as part of the items exchanged with European traders.
Items such as,